A Review of Change Order in Construction

Quiz Question

1. Change orders are usually issued to cover variations in scope of work, material quantities, design errors, and unit rate changes.
True
False
2. The __________the amount of change, the more productivity and costs are degraded.
Greater
Lesser
Regular
None of the above
3. Ross et al. (2010) in their research recommended that Variations can be avoided or minimized through which of the following?
Successful contract preparation
Successful project management
Sustainability in the parties’ relationships
All of the above
4. The research concluded that change of project scope due to owner requirements is the most important cause and cost overruns are the most important impacts of change orders in those projects.
True
False
5. Diekmann et al. (1985) examined the cost of change orders on 22 federal construction projects and found that change orders on these projects averaged ___________of the contract value.
5.5%
8%
10.5%
12.7%
6. A prototype software system is developed by ________________ to estimate the percentage loss of labor productivity due to change orders.
Osama et al. (2005)
Ibbs et al. (2007)
Gerald et al. (2007)
Oladapo et al. (2007)
7. Ssegwa et al. (2004) described that the major cost due to change is the cost of rework or revision of work which in construction projects can be as high as ___________of contract value.
0-5%
5-10%
10-15%
15-25%
8. Approximately every construction project throughout its lifecycle confronts with __________changes which frequently bring about cost and schedule overruns quality defects along with various unfavorable impacts.
10
20
25
Varies from project to project
9. Which of the following is not a common cause of change order?
Errors and omission in design
Problems on site
Change of plans by the owner
Weather
10. Change Orders strain the relationships of the owners, engineer, contractors, subcontractors, and others involved in the construction process as well as add cost and schedule delay.
True
False