Medical Waste Management

Quiz Question

1. Health-care activities are a means of:
protecting health
curing patients
saving lives
All of the above
2. What is the waste entailing risk of injury?
Sharps
Anatomical
Infectious
Cytotoxic
3. How many categories are there for the health risks associated with hazardous medical waste?
3
5
10
20
4. Which of the following is not one of the categories of the health risks associated with hazardous medical waste?
Risk of trauma
Risk of infection
Risk of starvation
Risk of fire
5. Cleaning products and, disinfectants in particular, are examples of ____________ chemicals which are used in large quantities in hospitals.
Harmless
Dangerous
Beneficial
None of the above
6. What is the threshold under which mercury does not produce any undesirable effect?
.05 ml
.3 ml
.9 ml
There is no threshold under which it is safe
7. The incineration of metals or of materials with a high __________ content can result in metals being released into the environment.
Water
Metal
Oxygen
None of the above
8. Burial and random dumping on uncontrolled sites can have a _______________ impact on the environment in terms of soil and water pollution.
Direct
Indirect
9. Who has the overall responsibility of ensuring that the hospital wastes are managed in compliance with national legislation and international conventions?
The hospital project manager
Local waste manager
Water engineer
Hospital cleaning staff
10. Who is the person in charge of administering the waste management plan on a daily basis?
The hospital project manager
Local waste manager
Water engineer
Hospital cleaning staff
11. It is prohibited to re-use needles or syringes.
True
False
12. The plastic part of syringes is recycled in some regions, but this practice is ________________ in ICRC contexts.
Recommended
Not recommended
13. Waste sorting must always be the responsibility of the entity that produces them. It must be done at what distance from the site where the wastes are produced?
As close as possible to
As far away from
It does not matter
none of the above
14. There is no point in ______________ wastes that undergo the same treatment process.
Sorting
Disposing
Collecting
None of the above
15. Bags and containers must be closed when they are ________________ full.
Completely
One third
Two thirds
Three fourths
16. Waste must be collected at least:
Once a day
Twice a week
Twice a month
Once a month
17. Controlled incineration at high temperatures (over 1000°C) is one of the few technologies with which all types of health-care waste can be treated properly and it has the advantage of significantly _____________ the volume and weight of the wastes treated.
Reducing
Increasing
18. Incinerators can also be imported and assembled on the spot without the use of local materials. These facilities are generally __________ reliable.
More
Less
19. __________________ is a thermal process at low temperatures where waste is subjected to pressurized saturated steam for a sufficient length of time to be disinfected
Disposing
Heating
Shredding
Autoclaving
20. _________________________ consists of containing a small number of hazardous items or materials in a mass of inert material.
Shredding
Capsuling
Heating
Encapsulation