Promoting Seismic Safety - Quiz

Quiz Question

1. ______________ advocates attempt to reduce all earthquake losses in various ways.
Seismic Safety
Damaged Structures
2. Advocates can be almost anyone: people whose jobs involve public safety; design professionals who want to make a difference; those who work in organizations with missions to increase seismic safety; and citizen-activists who have a personal stake in earthquake safety.
3. Each earthquake is a unique combination of characteristics. They are:
Magnitude and Depth
Type of fault
Mechanism of fault rupture
Direction of rupture
All of the above
4. The intensity of an earthquake describes the absolute size of the event. It is a measure of the energy released by the earthquake.
5. Sandy and water-saturated soils can also experience ______________, in which the ground turns to mush during the shaking and loses its ability to support structures.
6. Based on historic earthquakes and evidence of prehistoric earthquakes, seismologists are able to estimate the long-term probabilities of earthquakes in seismically active areas.
7. What does FEMA stand for?
Federal Emergency Management Agency
Federal Emergency Management Association
Federal Emergency Maintenance Agency
None of the above
8. ___________________ are intended to protect people inside buildings by preventing collapse and allowing for safe evacuation.
Seismic codes
Earthquake Proof
9. Structures built according to code should resist minor earthquakes undamaged, resist moderate earthquakes without significant structural damage, and resist severe earthquakes without collapse.
10. Steel-frame high-rises and newer wood frame low-rises are usually (but not always) the __________ structure types.
11. What does IBC stand for?
International Building Code
International Building Council
Independent Board of Councils
None of the above
12. The seismic provisions of building codes are based on earthquake hazard maps that show the probabilities of certain levels of earthquake shaking in particular areas.
13. Building plan review, construction inspection, and a qualified and trained building department staff are necessary for _____________________ .

Code enforcement
Geological Survey
14. What does NEHRP stand for?
National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program
National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Plan
National Engineering Hazards Reduction Program
National Engineering Hydrology Reduction Plan
15. Earthquake safety shouldn’t be only about earthquakes. Link it to other issues such as homeland security, economic sustainability, environmental protection, quality of life, livability, school safety, and historic preservation.
16. What does GIS stand for?
Geographic Information Systems
Geological Information System
Geographical Information Services
None of the above
17. When communicating with the public, policy-makers, decision-makers, or any other audience about earthquake hazards, it’s enough to focus only on the scientific information you want to convey.
18. The contents and interiors of _________________ buildings may be extensively damaged in an earthquake and the building may not be functional until repairs and clean-up are completed.
Load Resistant
19. Complying with a seismic code adds relatively little to the costs of a structure.
20. The model building codes and the seismic provisions are revised every _____________ to incorporate new knowledge
3 years
5 years